Zakat Institution and Maqasid al-Shariʻa: A Study of a Community Empowerment-Based Zakat Program Run by the BAZNAS Bengkulu Province

  • Hariya Toni Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Curup, Indonesia

Abstract

This paper discusses a community empowerment-based zakat program run by the BAZNAS (National Amil Zakat Agency) of Bengkulu Province as well as proves the flexibility of the classical maqāid al-sharīʻa in responding to modern development that have not been analyzed by previous researchers. In addition, this paper argues that institutionalizing zakat is not a "bureaucratization of sharia" as stated by Asep Saepuddin Jahar. This paper uses principles of field studies that are corroborated with relevant literature sources. This paper shows that programs initiated by the BAZNAS of Bengkulu Province such as 'Bengkulu takwa', 'healthy Bengkulu', 'smart Bengkulu', and 'prosperous Bengkulu' are an implementation of maqāid al-sharīʻa in responding to modern development. These programs demonstrate that preserving religion (al-dīn), soul (al-nafs), intellect (al-ʿaql), lineage (al-nasl), and property (al-māl) in the classical maqāid al-sharīʻa discourse is not static, but dynamic. This dynamism can be interpreted as the prosperity of religion, soul, lineage, intellect, and people's property. Thus, this paper argues that institutionalizing zakat is neither a "bureaucratization of sharia" nor merely matching the classical maqāid al-sharīʻa with the modern context. Furthermore, it is a waīla for the welfare of the people in a structured and measured manner.

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Published
2020-12-28
How to Cite
TONI, Hariya. Zakat Institution and Maqasid al-Shariʻa: A Study of a Community Empowerment-Based Zakat Program Run by the BAZNAS Bengkulu Province. Al-Risalah, [S.l.], v. 20, n. 2, p. 277-291, dec. 2020. ISSN 2540-9522. Available at: <http://e-journal.lp2m.uinjambi.ac.id/ojp/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/644>. Date accessed: 24 feb. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.30631/al-risalah.v20i2.644.
Section
Articles