The Role of the Malay Customary Institution in Off-Court Divorce Mediation: A Case Study in Rantau Pandan, Jambi

  • Zainal Azwar State Islamic University of Imam Bonjol Padang, Indonesia
  • Firdaus Firdaus State Islamic University of Imam Bonjol Padang, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Nafis State Islamic University of Imam Bonjol Padang, Indonesia

Abstract

In general, the concept of mediation in fiqh literature concerns merely with pre-divorce conflicts. In contrast, the Malay Customary Institution in Rantau Pandan, Jambi also concerns with restoring household integrity after divorce. This paper aims at describing and analyzing the role of the Malay Customary Institution in restoring post-divorce households in Rantau Pandan. The field research was conducted where the data taken from in-depth interviews and documentation. This paper concludes that there are two forms of mediation process practiced by the Malay Customary Institution in Rantau Pandan: the mediation that is prompted by the initial request of the involving parties and that is without the precondition of reconciliation. The success of the Customary Institution in mediating familial conflicts is supported by several factors, such as; the competence of the mediators, kinship relations, and the goodwill of the respective parties. The mediation practiced of the Customary Institution works in line with the guidance of the Qur’ān and the principle of mediation in Islam. Additionally, this institution has developed the concept of mediation outside the court, both in terms of form and task.


 

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Published
2020-05-28
How to Cite
AZWAR, Zainal; FIRDAUS, Firdaus; NAFIS, Muhammad. The Role of the Malay Customary Institution in Off-Court Divorce Mediation: A Case Study in Rantau Pandan, Jambi. Al-Risalah, [S.l.], v. 20, n. 1, p. 59-73, may 2020. ISSN 2540-9522. Available at: <http://e-journal.lp2m.uinjambi.ac.id/ojp/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/561>. Date accessed: 18 sep. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.30631/al-risalah.v20i1.561.
Section
Articles