Khamr Criminal Act and Its Resolution in Subulussalam City, Aceh

  • Ali Geno Barutu State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga, Indonesia

Abstract

The enactment of khamr qanun in Aceh shows Aceh government’s commitment in prohibiting and eradicating khamr and similar drinks. However, the enforcement of the qanun has not been effective, especially in the City of Subulussalam as evidenced in several violations of the qanun. This paper aims to discuss what and how the khamr qanun in Subulussalam, its effectiveness, obstacles faced by the Subulussalam city government in enforcing the qanun, and solutions offered by the city government. After examining relevant literature and conducting observations, discussions, and interviews with Subulussalam City leaders, this paper concludes that the ineffectiveness of the khamr qanun enforcement is due to some constraints, such as lenient punishment, limited human resources, weak socialization of Islamic law and community education.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ablisar, Madiasa. “Relevansi Hukuman Cambuk Sebagai Salah Satu Bentuk Pemidanaan Dalam Pembaharuan Hukum Pidana.” Jurnal Dinamika Hukum 14, no. 2 (2014): 278–89.

Alyasa, Abubakar. “Syari’at Islam Di Provinsi Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam: Paradigma, Kebijakan Dan Kegiatan.” Banda Aceh, Dinas Syariat Islam, 2006, 81–83.

Analiansyah. “Qanun Hukum Acara Jinayat Dalam Pelaksanaan Syari’at Islam: Studi Terhadap Draf Qanun Hukum Acara Jinayat Di Aceh.” Legitimasi 1, no. 1 (2011): 74.

Anggriani, Jum. “Kedudukan Qanun Dalam Sistem Pemerintahan Daerah Dan Mekanisme Pengawasannya.” Ius Quia Iustum Law Journal 18, no. 3 (2011): 326–27.

Arianto, Sofyan. “Pengembangan Metode Penerapan Syariat Islam Di Aceh.” Sarwah: Jurnal Pencerahan Intelektual Muslim 9, no. 4 (2011): 172.

Bahri, Syamsul. “Pelaksanaan Syari’at Islam Di Aceh Sebagai Bagian Wilayah Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (NKRI).” Jurnal Dinamika Hukum 12, no. 2 (2012): 358–67.

Hafifuddin. “Efektifitas Penerapan Hukum Islam Di Aceh.” Sarwah: Jurnal Pencerahan Intelektual Muslim 9, no. 4 (2011): 18.

Halim, Marah. “Eksistensi Wilayatul Hisbah Dalam Sistem Pemerintahan Islam.” Jurnal Ilmiah Islam Futura 10, no. 2 (2011): 67.

Iriansyah. “Penegakan Hukum Jinayat Terhadap Khamar Sebelum Dan Pasca Pemberlakuan Qanun Aceh Nomor 6 Tahun 2014 Di Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang.” Jurnal Hukum Samudra Keadilan 12, no. 1 (2017): 62–79.

Melayu, Husnul Arifin. “Hukum Cambuk Dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Kasus Khalwat Di Aceh.” Jurnal Jurnal Ar-Raniry, Media Kajian Keislaman Edisi I, no. 87 (2011): 71.

Mukhlis, Mukhlis. “Keistimewaan Dan Kekhususan Aceh Dalam Perspektif Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia.” Ilmu Hukum 4, no. 1 (2014): 76–99.

Perempuan, Komnas. “Analisis Terhadap Qanun Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.” Materi Dialog Komnas Perempuan Tentang Pelaksanaan Syariat Islam Di Aceh. Aceh, 2005.

Prohaba, Harian. “Pelaku Khamar Dibina Di Masjid,” 2015. http://prohaba.co/m/index.php/2015/ 01/19/ pelaku-khamar-dibina-di-masjid.

Rosyadi, H A Rahmat. “Pelaksanaan Syariat Islam Di Aceh (Studi Kritis Terhadap Hukuman Cambuk Pelaku Tindak Pidana Khamar, Maisir Dan Khalwat).” Prosiding LPPM UIKA Bogor, 2014, 83.

Siddiqi, Muhammad Iqbal. “The Penal Law of Islam.(2d Ed.) Lahore.” Kazi Publications, 1985.

Soekanto, Soerjono. “Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penegakan Hukum, Jakarta: PT.” Raja Grafindo Persada, 2008, 45.

Surbakti, Natangsa. “Pidana Cambuk Dalam Perspektif Keadilan Hukum Dan Hak Asasi Manusia Di Provinsi Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.” Jurnal Hukum 17, no. 3 (2010): 460.

Usman, Syarifuddin. “Tindak Pidana Minuman Khamar Dalam Qanun Provinsi Aceh No. 12 Tahun 2003.” Legitimasi: Jurnal Hukum Pidana Dan Politik Islam 1, no. 2 (2017): 175.

Yahya, Nasrullah. “Legislasi Hukum Positif (Fikih) Aceh: Tinjauan Pergumulan Qanun Hukum Jinayah.” Ijtihad: Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam Dan Kemanusiaan 14, no. 2 (2014): 149–66.

Books
Khallaf, Abdul Wahab. Masadir Al-Tashri Al-Islami Fima La Nassa Fih. Kuwait: Dar Al-Qalam, 1972.

Siddiqi, Muhammad Iqbal. The Penal Law of Islam.(2d Ed.) Lahore. Kazi Publications, 1985.

Soekanto, Soerjono. “Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penegakan Hukum, Jakarta: PT.” Raja Grafindo Persada, 2008, 45.

Tim Linsdey, MB. Hooker, Ross Clarke, Jeremy Kingsley. Sharia Revival in Aceh. Cambridge: Harvard Law School, 2007.

Articles and Proceeding
Perempuan, Komnas. “Analisis Terhadap Qanun Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.” Materi Dialog Komnas

Perempuan Tentang Pelaksanaan Syariat Islam Di Aceh. Aceh, 2005.

Rosyadi, H A Rahmat. “Pelaksanaan Syariat Islam Di Aceh (Studi Kritis Terhadap Hukuman Cambuk Pelaku Tindak Pidana Khamar, Maisir Dan Khalwat).” Prosiding LPPM UIKA Bogor, 2014, 83.

Usman, Mizaj Iskandar. “Hambatan Dan Kesulitan Pelaksanaan Syariat Islam Di Provinsi Aceh.” Shabirin Apartement 3rd Floor, n.d.

Website
Prohaba, Harian. “Pelaku Khamar Dibina Di Masjid,” 2015. http://prohaba.co/m/index.php/2015/ 01/19/ pelaku-khamar-dibina-di-masjid.

Prohaba, Harian. "Polsek Simpang Kiri Tangkap 32 Pemabuk," 2015. http://www.prohaba.co/2015/02/16/polsek-simpang-kiri-tangkap-32pemabuk#. VbPmBbWt yVk . (di-akses pada tanggal 26 Juli 2015).

Republika, "Pidana Cambuk di Aceh Mu-lai Melempem", 2019. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/ nasion-al/hukum/13/02/12/mi3y9i-pidana-cambuk-di-aceh-dinilai-mulai-melempem (diakses 03-06-2019).


Laws
Qanun No. 12 Tahun 2003 Aceh Darus-salam

Qanun No. 6 Tahun 2014 Aceh Darus-salam

Interviews
Interview with Chairman of Ulama’s Consultative Assembly (MPU) of Subulussalam, H. Qaharuddin Kombih on 20 April 2015.

Interview with head of Gampong Suka Makmur, H. Abd Hamid Padang 12 April 2015.

Interview with Bambang, Head of Ad-ministration, Pamong Praja Police and WH Subulussalam, on 24 April 2015.

Interview with Edi Syahputra, Chair-person of the Aceh People's Advoca-cy Foundation (YARA) Subulus-salam, on 15 April 2015.

Interview with Mustakim, Head of Blegen Community on tanggal 21 May 2015.

Interview with Wildan Sastra, Observer of Islamic law and child and wom-en’s protection of Subulussalam on 25 April 2015.

Interview with Amir Musdik, Chairman of the Subulussalam City Preacher’s Forum.

Interview with GM, Gampong Jambi Youth on 3 June 2015.

Interview with Kalidin, head of Enforc-ers of Regional Policy and Islamic Sharia of Subulussalam on 23 April 2015.

Interview with Muhammad Arifin, Head of Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) Subulussalam on 9 August 2015.
Published
2019-12-02
How to Cite
BARUTU, Ali Geno. Khamr Criminal Act and Its Resolution in Subulussalam City, Aceh. Al-Risalah, [S.l.], v. 19, n. 2, p. 141-158, dec. 2019. ISSN 2540-9522. Available at: <http://e-journal.lp2m.uinjambi.ac.id/ojp/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/318>. Date accessed: 07 apr. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.30631/al-risalah.v19i2.318.
Section
Articles